First Solar

First Solar is a leading global provider of comprehensive PV solar energy solutions with over 20GW of modules shipped across more than 35 countries. Our advanced, eco-efficient thin film semiconductor technology can generate more energy at a competitive cost with the smallest environmental impact. First Solar has developed, financed, engineered, constructed, and currently operates many of the world’s largest grid-connected PV power plants. We’re committed to sustainable PV manufacturing, responsible construction practices, and minimizing the environmental impacts of our products across their life cycle -from raw material sourcing through end-of-life recycling.

First Solar has three manufacturing sites in the US, Vietnam, and Malaysia. The Malaysian facility in Kulim is our largest manufacturing site which produces First Solar’s advanced thin-film PV modules for applications around the world. In 2017, First Solar Kulim began retooling for the launch of our new Series 6 module technology, with the annualized production capacity of 1.2GW in 2018. First Solar Kulim employs approximately 3,200 local associates – providing the Kedah, Malaysia community with reliable high-tech jobs that span the entire manufacturing spectrum. First Solar Kulim also operates a world-class recycling facility, increasing resource efficiency by recovering over 90% of glass and semiconductor materials for use in new modules and other products.

First Solar Kulim has received several employer recognition awards, including the Human Resource Minister 2018 award recognition, Malaysia-International HR Award 2018 – Employer of Choice (Grand), International SOS Foundation 2018 Duty of Care “Sustainability”, MIHRM (Malaysian Institute of HR Management) “Best Employer – 2016”, and AON Hewitt Best Employer for GEN Y Award.

Terry Payne

Professor Terry Payne was Managing Director of Monodraught Ltd in the UK, a company he formed some 40 years ago to pioneer the development of natural ventilation and daylight systems. He was appointed a Special Professor in Building Services Engineering at the School of the Built Environment at Nottingham University in the UK, in 2005. Professor Riffat of Nottingham University said “Prof. Payne has made an outstanding contribution to the field of natural ventilation, passive cooling and daylighting. His pioneering work on Windcatchers and Sunpipes transformed the industry


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Energies (ISSN 1996-1073; CODEN: ENERGA) is a peer-reviewed open access journal of related scientific research, technology development, engineering, and the studies in policy and management and is published semi-monthly online by MDPI.